A legislative proposal for a Council Directive on the Control of High Activity Sealed Radioactive Sources was submitted by the European Commission to the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements on January 24, 2003. The adoption procedure of this legal instrument is still ongoing, as the text is still being discussed by the Council. According to the legislative procedure to be followed in this case, the Directive has to be adopted by the Council, on the basis of the proposal made by the Commission. The text will be then published in the Official Journal of the European Union.
Federal and Regional Policy
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulates radioactive source materials and byproduct materials, as well as facilities producing, transferring, receiving, acquiring, owning, possessing, and using these materials. General License Devices, including nuclear fixed gauges and tritium exit signs, are regulated under 10 CFR Part 31.5. Its authority comes from passage in 1954 of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act. Certain states, called Agreement States, have been authorized to administer their own programs. The following is the URL for 10 CFR Part 31.5:
The U.S. EPA funds a cooperative effort with the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors (CRCPD) that is designed to assist states in retrieving and disposing of radioactive sources that find their way into non-nuclear facilities, particularly scrap yards, steel mills, and municipal waste disposal facilities. Called the "Orphan Sources Initiative,” information on the program is available here.
State and Local Policy
States that wish to establish and administer their own regulatory program may do so under the Atomic Energy Act. Under Section 274 of the Act, NRC relinquishes to the States portions of its regulatory authority to license and regulate byproduct materials, source materials and certain quantities of special nuclear materials. The mechanism for the transfer of NRC’s authority to a State is an agreement signed by the Governor of the State and the Chairman of the Commission. NRC must approve the State program, or portions of the program for which NRC has regulatory authority, and continues to provide oversight. There are thirty-two "Agreement States” that are currently authorized to administer their own programs. A listing of these states is available here.
Massachusetts is one of the Agreement States, and the following link provides an example of radioactive material laws passed by an agreement state. Please refer to sections 5M through 5P:
Other State and Local Initiatives
The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) has compiled tritium facts and information on its website, which includes information on a comprehensive two-year DEP study at 54 landfills within the Commonwealth, testing for the presence of radioactive materials in landfill leachate.
Nuclear Fixed Gauge Manufacturers