Stakeholders in Radioactive Materials Project

Stakeholder groups from government, industry and non-governmental organizations have been working for many years on issues associated with the improved management of nuclear fixed gauges and tritium exit signs. They have been involved in working groups, education campaigns, collection programs, and other initiatives to address management issues associated with devices containing radioactive materials.

This section provides an overview of the various stakeholder groups that contributed to the development of this background report and/or are participating in the stakeholder meetings.


Manufacturers and Distributors


Many of the companies that manufacture and distribute nuclear fixed gauges and tritium exit signs have taken steps to improve the management of these products during use and end of product life. Many of these companies also manufacture or distribute non-nuclear alternative products. The following companies have contributed to the Background Research Report and/or are participating in the stakeholder meetings:

Tritium Exit Signs

  • Isolite
  • Self-Powered Lighting
  • Shield Source
  • Signtex
  • SRB Technologies


Nuclear Fixed Gauges

  • ABB
  • EGS Gauging Systems
  • Heuft
  • Metso Automation
  • Ohmart/Vega Corporation
  • Thermo Measure Tech


Industry Associations

Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) - ISRI is the trade association of the scrap processing and recycling industry representing approximately 1,300 companies that process, broker, and industrially consume scrap commodities.

National Association of Demolition Contractors - The association was formed to foster goodwill and exchange ideas with the public, governmental agencies, and contractors engaged in the demolition industry.

Steel Recycling Institute (SRI) - SRI is a unit of the American Iron and Steel Institute, and is an industry association that promotes and sustains the recycling of all steel products.

Waste Brokers, Recyclers, & Disposal Facilities

David J. Joseph Company (DJJ) - DJJ is the largest scrap company in the United States. They provide numerous products and services including scrap trading, scrap processing, mill services, and industrial scrap services.

GTS Duratek - GTS Duratek is the parent company for Chem-Nuclear Systems, the operator of the commercial low-level radioactive waste disposal facility located in Barnwell, South Carolina. In addition, the commercial products division of GTS Duratek provides sealed source processing services.

U.S. Ecology - U.S. Ecology is a wholly owned subsidiary of American Ecology. They operate the full service Class A, B, and C low-level radioactive waste disposal facility located in Richland, Washington.


Government - Federal

Nuclear Regulatory Commission - Regulates radioactive source materials and byproduct materials as well as facilities producing, transferring, receiving, acquiring, owning, possessing and using these materials. General License Devices, including nuclear fixed gauges and tritium exit signs, are regulated under 10 CFR Part 31.5. Its authority comes from passage in 1954 of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act. Certain states, called Agreement States, have been authorized to administer their own programs.

Environmental Protection Agency - Sets (develops and issues) radiation protection standards for the safe management of radioactive and 'mixed' (radioactive and hazardous) wastes, provides technical expertise during radioactive site cleanup and sets cleanup and drinking water standards. Standards also include management standards under 40 CFR Subchapter F 'Radiation Protection' in Parts 190-197 and 40 CFR 61 Subpart H governing radionuclide air emissions.

Department of Energy - Produces byproduct material; responsible for recovery and management of unwanted radioactive sealed sources under Public Law 99-240 (LLW Policy Amendments Act of 1985). Primary standards for occupational radiation protection of its workers are issued at 10 CFR Part 835. Additionally, DOE has issued policies, orders, notices, manuals and guides relative to the safe handling, use and disposal of radioactive materials.


Government - State

Representatives from the following State agencies have contributed information to the background technical report and/or are participating in the stakeholder meetings.

  • Colorado
  • Illinois
  • Massachusetts
  • Missouri
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Washington


Professional Organizations

Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) - ASTSWMO is an organization supporting the environmental agencies of the States and trust territories. ASTSWMO's mission is to enhance and promote effective state and territorial waste management programs and affect national waste management policies.

Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors (CRCPD) - CRCPD is a nonprofit organization of individuals that regulate and control the use of radioactive material and radiation sources. CRCPD has two committees that are working on closely related initiatives:

  • Committee on Resource Recovery and Radioactivity
  • Committee on Unwanted Radioactive Materials

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) - NCRP is a nongovernmental, not for profit, public service organization that has been active in the areas of radiation protection and measurements since 1929. NCRP has produced more than one hundred scientific reports pertaining to radiation protection and measurement.