Gas Cylinders
Gas Cylinders

The Problem

Gas cylinders are dangerous when disposed of improperly. Even when we think they’re empty, small amounts of gas can remain that can cause explosions and fires. Metal recyclers typically refuse to accept cylinders unless they are visibly punctured and crushed. Because of the risks, they are costly to recycle and recycling options are few.

So, many people toss them in the trash or leave them at roadsides and campsites. Single-use one-pound gas cylinders (which are not safe or legal to refill) are particularly problematic. Our local, state, and national parks have to manage this excessive metal waste at taxpayers’ expense while the producers of these cylinders profit from the sales. Worthington Industries and Coleman are the major brands.

The Solution

PSI advocates for “extended producer responsibility” (EPR) laws that require all gas cylinder manufacturers to provide recycling and refilling programs. Mandated EPR programs – like the OrangeDrop program in Ontario, Canada – make refilling and exchange outlets readily available to everyone. EPR programs also relieve governments from the burden of managing improperly discarded cylinders.

Voluntary manufacturer-run exchange programs for 20-pound gas cylinders work well, and refilling programs for reusable one-pound cylinders are beginning to take hold. But the growth of the refillable programs for one-pound cylinders is slow and they fall short of solving the problem.

20-lb Gas Cylinder Exchange Programs: The largest U.S. exchange programs for 20-lb propane tanks are operated by Blue Rhino and AmeriGas. These manufacturers collect, refill, and redistribute propane tanks for sale and exchange at retail sites (generally wire cages outside stores and gas stations). After a cylinder has been used for 12 years or has become corroded, the manufacturer recycles it.

Refillable 1-lb Cylinder Programs: Since 2015, cylinder manufacturers Flame King, Little Kamper, and Manchester Tank produce a refillable 1-lb gas cylinder. Through the Refuel Your Fun campaign (a program developed and administered by the California Product Stewardship Council), Kamps Propane, Pick Up Propane, and other retailers sell, refill, and exchange 1-lb refillable cylinders.

The packaging is 80% of the price of single-use propane cylinders. Refillable options are earth friendly and save you money.

How We’re Leading the Way


PSI has paved the way for the reuse and recycling programs available today. Since 2001, we have brought together governments, businesses, and environmental groups to develop both voluntary and EPR programs for gas cylinders.


As EPR programs emerge and refillable propane cylinders grow in popularity, defining best practices is more important than ever. We provide technical support, evaluation, and recommendations to improve gas cylinder programs.

How You Can Help

Gas cylinder producers can fully fund and operate programs for safe, convenient cylinder refilling and recycling. EPR provides a level playing field so a few companies don’t have to carry the burden for the whole industry. Contact us to discuss opportunities for EPR programs.

Refill or exchange your large gas cylinders at approved AmeriGas and BlueRhino locations. You can buy a refilling kit, but it is always safer if a professional does it.

Choose refillable 1-lb propane cylinders for all your outdoor activities. Find where to get them near you.

Recycle used gas cylinders at a recycling center near you.

Retailers can help!
  • Become an AmeriGas or BlueRhino propane refill and exchange location.
  • Sell refillable 1-lb cylinders.
  • Refill and recycle 1-lb cylinders for your customers – join Refuel Your Fun.


Get Involved

Support Our Work

Your contribution will reduce waste, minimize waste management costs, and create green jobs.


Join Us

Gain access to opportunities and resources that will help you adopt product stewardship.


Keep in Touch

Become part of our global network and stay informed with occasional news alerts and events.